Your European Tour Operator
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We hope the following information will be useful to you in preparing for and during your trip.

Climate and wearing apparel:  Italy enjoys Mediterranean climate with distinct winter, spring, summer and fall seasons.  In spring (from March 21 to June 21), temperatures range from the high 40’s to mid-60’s during the day. We suggest medium to heavyweight apparel, with gloves and hats for early morning and evening. In summer (from June 22 to September 22), temperatures range from the high 60’s to high 80’s during the day. We suggest lightweight apparel, with light jackets for early mornings and evenings. In fall (from September 23 to December 22) temperatures range from the low 60’s to low 70’s during the day.  We suggest mediumweight apparel, with a jacket for early morning and evening. In winter (from December 22 to March 20), temperatures range from the high 30’s to mid-50’s during the day. We suggest medium to heavyweight apparel, with gloves and hats for early morning and evening. In all seasons, it would be wise to pack a travel umbrella for an occasional shower that may occur.

Cuisine:  Italian cuisine is world renowned for its excellence.  You want to keep in mind that in a restaurant, it is customary to consume a full course meal of a pasta dish, a meat/fish dish and vegetables.  Optional is the “antipasto” and the dessert.  Your average full meal runs from $30 to $50, per person, depending on the choice of menu and wine.  Cafés are ideal for quick lunches, where you can consume from the “cappuccino” and “cornetto”, typical Italian breakfast, to a variety of sandwiches and pasta/salad dishes.  Know that most do not have sit down facilities and, if they do, what you consume will cost more due to service charges.

Currency:  The local currency is the Euro (€).  You will find coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents, €1, €2, and paper bills of €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500.  Please visit Bloomberg’s website for the current exchange rate.  Credit cards are accepted, at the hotels and some stores/restaurants.  Drawing cash from an ATM, found all over, is the best way to ensure a good exchange rate and the safety of not carrying too much cash around.  If you intend using your bank card, consult your bank before departure to ensure that your ATM (bancomat) card is internationally compatible.

Dress code: Casual and comfortable are keywords especially in footwear as there will be a lot of walking to do. Please note to be allowed to enter many religious sites, shoulders have to be covered and shorts or skirts are required to cover the knees. A scarf to cover exposed shoulders may be used when entering a church.  Smart casual is ideal  for a special Mass or for great Farewell Dinner pictures.

Hairdryers/Irons:  Please note that the hotels are equipped with hair dryers.  Irons/ironing boards are not provided.

Itinerary:  Exact departure times will be announced by the tour leader and can also be found on the bulletin board that will be posted  each day, at your hotel.

Flights:  Enclosed with your final documents, you will find a detailed flight itinerary.  Please note that you will not receive an actual flight ticket, but an e-ticket receipt. All flight tickets are electronic and you will receive your boarding pass after checking in with your passport at the airport. Check-in time varies from carrier to carrier. We suggest check-in at least two hours prior to departure.

Hotels:  You will find the name/address/phone of your hotels, following your tour itinerary, in your final documents.  Hotel rooms are available for check-in after 2:00 pm.  Check out time is 10:00 am.

Insurance:  Italy has a socialized medicine system.  Anyone requiring emergency treatment or hospitalization will be accepted in public hospitals.  We suggest checking personal insurance coverage while traveling abroad.

Language:  The national language is Italian, even though English is commonly spoken in hotels, some restaurants and stores.  Useful words to know are “per favore” (please) and “grazie” (thank you).

Linen:  General bed and bath linen are provided in your hotels.  However, you will not find washcloths, as it is not customary.

Luggage: Baggage allowance on flights is one piece of checked luggage with a maximum weight of 50 lbs. with linear dimensions (W+H+D) not to exceed 62 inches.  The carry-on weight limitation is 40 lbs. with linear dimensions not to exceed 45 inches.   In addition to the carry-on, you may bring with you a personal item such as a purse, briefcase or laptop computer.  Cellular phones may be carried on board.  You will find a travel bag included in your final documents of a convenient size for your personal items.  For more information about U.S. carry-on baggage restrictions please read the complete details on the U.S. government airport regulations website,

Mail:  You may buy stamps for your postcards at any store bearing a rectangular black background with a white “T” sign.  The cashier will be able to tell you the necessary postage for your mail.  Better not tackle the post office as you may encounter long lines.

Medical:  No special vaccinations are required for travel to Europe. Anyone taking prescription medicine should be careful to bring an adequate supply for the entire trip and should remember not to pack it in check-in luggage. It is advised to leave it in the original container.

Pictures:  Most people nowadays take pictures with their smart phones.  Be sure to email them to yourself frequently.  Phones can be lost or stolen.  Those pictures emailed will remain with you forever.

Passport and Visa:  All U.S. citizens are required to have a valid passport, with an expiration date of no less than six months from the date of return.  A visa is not required to enter Italy for U.S. citizens.  Non-U.S. citizens must check requirements with their respective consulate.

Phones:  It is possible to make calls from all of your hotels with a service charge.  Remember when you call the States to dial 001 followed by the area code and phone number you are trying to reach.  You can also utilize your calling card.  Check with your calling card company to obtain toll-free numbers to call from Italy and further instructions.

Shopping:  Italy is known for its fine craftsmanship in leather, gold, lace and woodcarving.  Fashion is another strong Italian product that you will find all over Italy.  In Rome, you can purchase a great variety of religious articles.

Time difference:  Italy 6, 7, 8 and 9 hours ahead of Eastern, Central, Mountain and Pacific Time, respectively.

Tips: General tips to porters at the hotel and waiters at the restaurants are included. It is customary to leave small change for restroom attendants, during your en route stops, and also at the cafés when consuming a beverage or snack. What is not included is the tip to guides, tour leader and driver. The suggested tip is $1.00 – $2.00 for each half day service for the guide, $2.00-$3.00 per person per day for the driver and $4.00 – $5.00 per person per day for the tour leader.

Transportation:  When taking public transportation, please be sure to put anything valuable in a safe place, out of reach of pickpockets that thrive in any large, tourist-filled city.  You may wish to make a copy of your passport to have with you and leave the original at the hotel.  If taking a taxi, take only the official ones bearing the sign “taxi” on top and meters that should be turned on, as you enter the cab.

Voltage:  The voltage is 220.  Appliances you bring should have dual voltage and be equipped with the adapter from the two flat prongs to two round ones.  It would be beneficial to purchase this adapter before leaving the U.S.